Prosensa neemt jongens met Duchenne weer in behandeling met drisapersen

Groep jongens wordt weer behandeld met Duchenne-medicijn na feedback van patiënten en onderzoekers Voor het einde van juni volgt meer informatie over eventueel voortgaand registratieproces.
Prosensa maakt vandaag in een perbericht bekend voor het weer in behandeling nemen van jongens met de ernstige spierziekte Duchenne in lopende studies met drisapersen, het leidende medicijn in ontwikkeling. Deze behandelingen waren gestopt na de eerdere bekendmaking van tegenvallende fase III onderzoeksresultaten met het medicijn. Daarop werd de samenwerking met GlaxoSmithKline voor de ontwikkeling van het medicijn beëindigd en werden de studieresultaten in de afgelopen maanden door GSK overgedragen aan Prosensa, dat de ontwikkeling van het medicijn nu verder zelf voortzet.

prosensaNa positieve feedback van patiënten en onderzoekers en op basis van analyses van gegevens uit klinische studies, zullen in het derde kwartaal van 2014 opnieuw doseringen worden toegediend aan een groep jongens die aan de eerste studies deelnamen. Voor het einde van juni 2014 hoopt Prosensa nadere mededelingen te kunnen doen over een eventueel voortgaand registratieproces voor het medicijn.

Bevestiging positieve studieresultaten
In een zogeheten posterpresentatie op een Amerikaans congres bevestigde  Prosensa gisteren de eerdere voorlopige analyse van de resultaten van een studie met gegevens van continue behandeling van 113 jongens met drisapersen gedurende 96 weken. Uit de zes minuten looptest bleek de afname in afstand slechts 5 meter, terwijl de afname bij jongens die een placebo (nepmiddel) kregen toegediend, 57 meter bedroeg.
Bovendien bleek dat de loopafstand van Duchenne-jongens van 7 jaar of jonger met 8 meter was toegenomen, terwijl de patiënten met het placebomiddel juist 29 meter minder aflegden.

Over Prosensa Holding N.V.
Prosensa is sinds juni 2013 genoteerd aan de NASDAQ in New York met ticker code RNA. De onderneming, gevestigd op het Leiden BioScience Park, richt zich op het ontdekken en ontwikkelen van therapieën gebaseerd op modulatie van ribonucleïnezuur, of RNA-modulatie, bij zeldzame, nog onbehandelbare erfelijke aandoeningen. Prosensa houdt zich met name bezig met de ontwikkeling van therapieën tegen de ziekte van Duchenne (DMD), myotone dystrofie en de ziekte van Huntington. Prosensa’s klinische portfolio van op RNA-gebaseerde kandidaat-medicijnen richt zich op de behandeling van de ziekte van Duchenne. Aan elk van deze kandidaat-medicijnen is de weesgeneesmiddelenstatus toegekend in zowel de VS als de Europese Unie. Het eerste kandidaat-medicijn, drisapersen, kan een verscheidenheid aan mutaties in het dystrofine gen behandelen, waaronder de afwezigheid van exon 50 of de exonen 48 tot 50. www.prosensa.com.

Over de ziekte van Duchenne
De ziekte van Duchenne is een van de meest voorkomende zeldzame genetische aandoeningen die optreedt bij tot 1 op de 3.500 jongens en leidt in alle gevallen tot overlijden. Deze zeldzame ziekte wordt veroorzaakt door mutaties in het dystrofine gen wat leidt tot de afwezigheid van of een afwijking in het dystrofine eiwit, dat nodig is voor de spierfunctie. De verschillende mutaties, die doorgaans bestaan uit de afwezigheid van een of meer exonen in het dystrofine gen, leiden tot afzonderlijke subgroepen van DMD-patiënten. Prosensa ontwikkelt kandidaat-medicijnen voor deze verschillende subgroepen met haar eigen technologie.

Prosensa Provides Update on Drisapersen

Re-dosing plans are underway and 96-week data from an open-label extension study of drisapersen for the treatment of DMD presented at the American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Leiden, The Netherlands, May 1, 2014 – Prosensa Holding N.V. (NASDAQ: RNA) the Dutch biopharmaceutical company focusing on rare diseases with a high unmet medical need, yesterday provided the data analysis of its second open-label extension study (DEMAND IV/DMD114349) of drisapersen in boys with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) during the 66th American Academy of Neurology (AAN) Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, PA. The Company also provided an update on the drisapersen clinical program earlier this week in a letter sent to patient group representatives and clinical investigators, and will present a corporate update during an investor briefing on May 1 (webcast here).

Following positive feedback from patients and investigators regarding the willingness and desire of patients to go back on drisapersen and encouraging analyses of its clinical trial data, Prosensa has confirmed that it will re-dose an initial cohort of boys in the third quarter of 2014. The Company has made significant progress in the transition of the program from its former partner, GSK, and expects to communicate on a regulatory path forward for drisapersen before the end of June.

In a poster and presentation on Wednesday, April 30 at the AAN, Dr. Nathalie Goemans, Head of the Neuromuscular Reference Center for Children at the University Hospitals Leuven (UHL), Belgium and one of the key investigators in various drisapersen studies confirmed the earlier preliminary analysis of the results of DEMAND IV/DMD114349, which include data from 96 weeks of continuous drisapersen treatment.

“We see very positive signs of the ability of drisapersen to improve the walking ability of boys with DMD. In this extension study, patients who entered the study with a less advanced stage of the disease either improved or experienced less decline in mobility with two-year continuous drisapersen therapy and these data suggest a treatment difference from those initially on placebo,” reported Dr. Goemans.

The poster (online here) included detailed data up to Week 48 (total of 96 weeks of treatment) from the second open-label extension study of drisapersen in 113 boys with DMD (DEMAND IV), who had previously completed a 48-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled treatment phase in one of two Phase II feeder studies (DEMAND II/DMD114117 and DEMAND III/DMD114044). In the six minute walk test (6MWT), boys from the DEMAND II study declined by only 5 meters over 96 weeks on continuous drisapersen (6mg/kg/week) compared with 57 meters in boys who had placebo/delayed treatment. Furthermore, boys of 7 years or younger in DEMAND IV improved from their baseline 6MWT by 8 meters with continuous drisapersen treatment compared with a 29 meter decline for patients in the placebo/delayed treatment arm. The extension study was designed to monitor the

long-term safety and efficacy of drisapersen over the course of two years at more than 50 sites in 24 countries.

“These data support our hypothesis that treating earlier in the disease and treating for a longer duration confers a treatment benefit for boys with DMD. Early intervention is a potentially crucial component to improving disease outcome,” said Dr. Giles Campion, Chief Medical Officer of Prosensa.

In a letter to all participating investigators and patient groups sent earlier this week, Prosensa confirmed it is on track with its re-dosing plans, which will take a staged approach. Dr. Nathalie Goemans (UHL, Belgium) and Dr. Craig McDonald (UC Davis, Sacramento, USA), who will be participating at an investor briefing on May 1, will be amongst investigators working with Prosensa to undertake re-dosing protocols with drisapersen. The first wave of re-dosing in the third quarter will focus on sites in North America and Europe. Patients in North America will be re-dosed under existing extension protocols and patients in Europe will either participate in a new treatment protocol or via an appropriate expanded access program. “We realize that this has been an incredibly difficult period for the boys and their families as they eagerly await any updates. We are working with all key stakeholders as diligently and quickly as possible to provide access to drisapersen and to determine a path forward” confirmed Dr. Campion.

“Prosensa is dedicated to enabling long term patient access to drisapersen and its follow-on products as novel treatments for DMD. We are determined to accomplish this as soon as possible, as we know time is not on patients’ side” said Hans Schikan, Prosensa’s Chief Executive Officer. “We have been following the recent communication in the DMD community and are encouraged by the apparent regulatory flexibility and positivity shown with respect to potential pathways for investigational products for the treatment of DMD, especially given the very urgent and unmet medical need of boys with this debilitating and life-shortening disease. We are heartened by the FDA’s commitment to DMD and its willingness to work closely with all key stakeholders, and to consider amenable approaches to expedite the availability of treatment options for DMD.”

About drisapersen and the clinical development program

Drisapersen, (previously GSK2402968/PRO051), an antisense oligonucleotide which induces exon skipping of exon 51, is currently in-late stage development for DMD. Drisapersen has orphan drug status in the EU, US, Australia and Japan. In June 2013, drisapersen was granted Breakthrough Therapy designation by the US Food and Drug Administration.

The overall drisapersen clinical program comprises three double-blind, placebo-controlled studies (DEMAND II, DEMAND V and DEMAND III) and two long term open-label extension studies (DMD114673 and DEMAND IV).

About DMD

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is a severely debilitating childhood neuromuscular disease that affects up to 1 in 3,500 live male births. This rare disease is caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene, resulting in the absence or defect of the dystrophin protein. Patients suffer from progressive loss of muscle function, often making them wheelchair bound before the age of 12. Respiratory and cardiac muscle can also be affected by the disease. Few patients survive the age of 30.

About exon skipping

The dystrophin gene is the largest gene in the body, consisting of 79 exons. Exons are small sequences of genetic code which lead to the manufacture of sections of protein. In DMD, when certain exons are mutated/deleted, the RNA cannot read the genetic code past the fault. This prevents the rest of the exons being read, resulting in a non-functional dystrophin protein and the severe symptoms of DMD.

RNA-based therapeutics, specifically antisense oligonucleotides inducing exon skipping, are currently in development for DMD. This technology uses synthetic antisense oligonucleotides to skip an exon next to a deletion and thereby correct the reading frame, enabling the production of a novel dystrophin protein. Up to 13% of boys with DMD have dystrophin gene mutation/deletions amenable to an exon 51 skip.

About Prosensa Holding N.V.

Prosensa (NASDAQ: RNA) is a Dutch biotechnology company engaged in the discovery and development of RNA-modulating therapeutics for the treatment of genetic disorders. Its primary focus is on rare neuromuscular and neurodegenerative disorders with a large unmet medical need, including Duchenne muscular dystrophy, myotonic dystrophy and Huntington’s disease. www.prosensa.com

Bron: Prosensa Therapeutics NV