Agendia-test toont nut van moleculaire subtypering voor betere behandeling borstkanker

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Onderzoek onder 426 patiënten in 50 verschillende medische centra in de VS heeft aangetoond dat het bepalen van het moleculaire subtype van de borsttumor een betere leidraad vormt bij het bepalen van de behandeling ervan. De uitkomsten van deze studie zijn online gepubliceerd door het wetenschappelijke tijdschrift Annuals of Surgical Oncology. Meer informatie en data zullen worden gepresenteerd tijdens het komende ESMO borstkankercongres van 26-30 september in Madrid.

Het zogeheten moleculair subtyperen van de tumor met deze twee tests levert een preciezere prognose en klinisch meer bruikbare richting op voor toepassing van chemotherapie en zogenaamde targeted therapie zoals hormoontherapie en antilichaam therapie voorafgaand aan een operatie (neo-adjuvant). In 22% van de onderzochte gevallen leidden toepassing van MammaPrint/BluePrint voor een herclassificering van patiënten voor een bepaalde behandeling. Ook in Nederland kunnen patienten worden geincludeerd in een Europese neo-adjuvante studie.

agendiahqVolgens het nu gepubliceerde onderzoek geeft BluePrint, dat tumoren in drie subgroepen onderverdeelt, een veel genuanceerder beeld van de biologie van een borsttumor dan mogelijk is via de traditionele IHC-FISH pathologische tests. “Een doorbraak”, zegt  onderzoeker Pat Whitworth, chirurgisch oncololoog van het Nashville Breast Center en het Saint Thomas Midtown Ziekenhuis in Nashville, Tennessee. Dit zal er volgens hem toe leiden dat borstkankerpatiënten geheel anders behandeld zullen worden dan nu nog vaak het geval is.

Ook Dr. Neil Barth, medisch directeur van Agendia zegt dat deze vondst de analyse en behandelwijze van borstkanker drastisch zal gaan veranderen. “Deze studie geeft ons een beter instrument om de belangrijkste biologische aanstichters van iedere individueel geval van borstkanker. Vergelijk het met de overgang van een gewone mobiele telefoon naar de smartphone”, aldus Dr. Barth.

Genomische tests als MammaPrint en BluePrint maken deel uit van de revolutie richting het zogeheten ‘personalized medicine’, een individuele aanpak van tumoren. Genetisch moleculaire tests onderzoeken de activiteit van groepen van genen in een tumor. Daarmee kan een breder inzicht verkregen worden in de tumor en de behandelingsopties.

Over MammaPrint en BluePrint

Agendia’s voornaamste test MammaPrint®, opgenomen in verschillende Europese richtlijnen voor de behandeling van borstkanker (NABON, ESMO en St Gallen), geeft medisch specialisten een middel om bij vroege fase borstkanker patiënten op duidelijke wijze en met grote nauwkeurigheid onderscheid te kunnen maken tussen een “hoog” en “laag” uitzaaiingsrisico, waarmee de noodzaak voor chemo bij “hoog risico” patiënten accuraat vastgesteld kan worden. Het is wereldwijd de enige test die de kans op terugkeer van borstkanker kan voorspellen gebaseerd op prospectieve wetenschappelijke patiëntdata (RASTER-studie 2012).

BluePrint een profiel van 80 genen, dat borstkanker onderverdeelt in 3 groepen: Basal, Luminal, of HER2. Deze groepen zijn zogeheten moleculaire subgroepen (subtypen, en er is steeds meer bewijs in de medische wereld dat deze onderverdeling iets zegt over de respons op bepaalde therapieën. Samen met de MammaPrint kan BluePrint mogelijk extra waardevolle informatie over het gedrag van de tumor geven.

Agendia Announces Study Showing Molecular Subtyping Can Improve

Breast Cancer Treatment

 

BluePrint proves superior to conventional subtyping for analyzing

breast cancer before surgery, says paper in Annals of Surgical Oncology

 

More information and updated data during upcoming ESMO Congress in Madrid

 

AMSTERDAM, 17 September 2014 – In findings that may eventually change the way breast cancer is evaluated and treated, a new study reports that the BluePrint genomic test provides more accurate information about the molecular subtype of a specific breast cancer, compared to the use of conventional IHC-FISH pathology tests. The prospective observational study of 426 patients was recently published online by the Annals of Surgical Oncology. It concludes that the BluePrint assay, from Dutch molecular diagnostics company Agendia, may be a better guide than IHC-FISH tests in making decisions about how to treat early-stage breast cancer before surgery.

Researchers also reported that the 80-gene BluePrint test reclassified 22% of tumors overall — more accurately identifying breast cancer subtypes than could be done with IHC-FISH testing.

“This genomic test gives us a better picture of which patients will and won’t respond to preoperative therapy, and also helps suggest the best course for therapy,” said Pat Whitworth, M.D., a Nashville surgical oncologist and lead study author.

 

More information and updated data about this ongoing study will be presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2014 Congress in a poster discussion. ESMO 2014 will be held 26-30 September in Madrid.

 

MammaPrint

The BluePrint test is performed in conjunction with Agendia’s 70-gene MammaPrint test. MammaPrint provides the foundational risk classification of High Risk or Low Risk about breast cancer recurrence, without the ambiguity of intermediate results. Additional therapy-predictive information is then conferred by the 80-gene BluePrint assay, which identifies the molecular subtype.

 

“One implication of the study findings is that we will eventually end up evaluating and treating many breast cancer patients differently than we do now, because we will rely on their molecular subtype rather than just IHC-FISH pathology results,” Dr. Whitworth said.

 

That would represent a substantial shift in how breast cancer is analyzed and treated, according to Neil Barth, MD., an oncologist and Agendia’s Chief Medical Officer: “Physicians have for nearly 40 years looked to the predictive capabilities of pathology tests such as IHC and FISH to generate clinical decisions,” he said. “But we have also recognized these pathology tests are not complete, as we have often seen discordance between what we were told by IHC-FISH and how the cancer actually behaved.”

 

He said the new study, combined with other recent research, “is telling us that we now have a better tool to measure the dominant biological drivers of each individual breast cancer.” He likened this “next iterative step” in understanding breast cancer to moving from having a cell phone to having a smart phone. “With molecular subtyping, we now have something akin to a smart phone’s GPS, to help us better determine where we are and where we can go,” he said.

 

Little benefit preoperative chemo

The new study also confirmed published research from Stefan Gluck, M.D., that preoperative chemotherapy given to patients with the common Luminal A subtype of cancer generally has little benefit. The BluePrint test takes a much more nuanced look at breast cancer biology than is available from IHC-FISH tests,” said Dr. Whitworth. “This new information about luminal cancers is one example of how molecular subtyping may help guide preoperative treatment decisions.”

 

Dr. Whitworth said that research into molecular subtypes, if confirmed by other research, may also change the treatment of “triple positive” breast cancers – those that are reported as HER2, ER and PR positive by IHC-FISH testing. “According to this new research, about half of these patients do not exhibit HER 2-type responses, and may therefore respond better to a different treatment than would be given to a HER2-positive patient,” he said.

 

American College of Surgeons

The potential benefits of neoadjuvant cancer treatment are emphasized by the American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer. “Despite its known advantages, many people are not provided the advantages of pre-surgical therapy,” notes a commission statement. The commission also advises physicians and patients as follows: “Don’t use surgery as the initial treatment without considering pre-surgical (neoadjuvant) systemic and/or radiation for cancer types and stage where it is effective at improving local cancer control, quality of life or survival. “

 

Patient story

Among Dr. Whitworth’s patients in the Annals of Surgical Oncology study was Kara Sanders, who at the time of diagnosis was a federal probation officer in her late thirties. She was among patients whose cancer was reclassified by MammaPrint and BluePrint, after it had been analyzed by IHC-FISH as being triple positive. Guided in part by the genomic tests, her neoadjuvant treatment was successful in achieving a pathologic complete response: the absence of invasive carcinoma in the breast and axilla prior to surgery.

 

“After my diagnosis I couldn’t find a lot of information about breast cancer in premeopausal women,” Sanders said. “I was very happy to be part of the trial to contribute to the research, because it’s very empowering to have more knowledge of this kind.”

 

In addition to Dr. Whitworth’s Nashville Breast Center, the multi-site study drew patients from a broad base of community and academic practices, including hospitals in Washington, D.C., Dallas, Virginia, Pennsylvania and Georgia. The study, which will also be published in the October print edition of the Annals of Surgical Oncology, is part of the ongoing Neoadjuvant Breast Registry Symphony Trial (NBRST, pronounced “N-breast”).

Resources for further reference

 

 

 

About Agendia:

 

Agendia (Amsterdam, Netherlands and Irvine, CA, USA, is a leading molecular diagnostics company that develops and markets FFPE-based genomic diagnostic products, which help support physicians with their complex treatment decisions. Agendia’s breast cancer tests were developed using an unbiased gene selection by analyzing the complete human genome.

 

MammaPrint is the only breast cancer recurrence assay backed by peer-reviewed, prospective outcome data. Agendia’s tests can help physicians assess a patient’s individual risk for metastasis, which patients may benefit from chemo, hormonal or combination therapy, and which patients may not require these treatments and can instead be treated with other, less arduous and less costly methods.

 

In addition, Agendia has a pipeline of other genomic products in development. The company collaborates with pharmaceutical companies, leading cancer centers and academic groups to develop companion diagnostic tests in the area of oncology and is a critical partner in the ISPY-2 and the MINDACT trials. For more information, visit www.agendia.com.

Bron: Agendia